Vol. 2 Núm. 1 (2019): January - June

Gingival Inflammation in the Presence of Bacterial Plaque in Women in the First and Second Trimester of Pregnancy - Inflamación Gingival en Presencia de Placa Bacteriana en Mujeres que cursan el Primer y Segundo Trimestre de Embarazo


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Abstract

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Resumen

Problem: Pregnancy hormonal changes in addition to the low control of the dental plaque generate gingivitis during the first and second trimester of the pregnancy. Objective: This study’s objective was to identify the levels of gingival inflammation having place in the first and second trimester of the pregnancy in relation to a low plaque control. Materials and Methods: This was an analytic descriptive transversal study in which 73 pregnant women that went to their monthly check to the “Centro de Salud Ministerial del Cantón Samborondón” during June and July of the year 2014 were tested. 32 of them were on their first trimester and the 41 left, on their second trimester of pregnancy. They were tested by the recollection in a document of information about their oral hygiene habits, oral hygiene indices, gingival inflammation and the presence of bacterial plaque. Results: 100% of the woman had gingivitis, from which 69.86% presented a moderate type (30.14% in the first and 39.73% in the second trimester). In the oral hygiene examination, 76.71% obtained a regular grade, from which 38.36% showed up in both trimesters. Finally, we found bacterial plaque in 67% of the patients with a range between 50.1-75%, being the 30% in the first and the 37% in the second trimester of pregnancy. Conclusion: It was found gingival inflammation in presence of bacteria plaque in every pregnant patient, showing a slightly higher intensity in the second trimester of pregnancy.

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Juan Daniel Argüello Torres https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8258-4702

Geoconda Luzardo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6567-8355

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