Vol. 2 Núm. 2 (2019): July - December
Prevalence of oral manifestations in hypertensive patients with continuous medication at the Hospital of the day Jacobo and María Elena Ratinoff in 2014 - Prevalencia de manifestaciones orales en pacientes hipertensos con medicación continua en el Hospital del día Jacobo y María Elena Ratinoff en el año 2014
The intake of antihypertensive drugs can cause oral manifestations like dry mouth, dysgeusia and gingival hyperplasia. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral manifestations in hypertensive patients with medication. Materials and methods: It was an opportunity study in which 113 hypertensive patients were involved. All the patients attended Hospital del día Jacobo y María Elena Ratinoff. Patients were interviewed through a clinical history, dysgeusia and hyposalivation records were taken, as well as an intraoral examination. Results: 10 patients belonged to the group of 40-49 years, 29 patients to the group of 50-59 years, 43 patients were between 60-69 years, 25 patients had between 70-79 years and 6 patients were from 80 -89 years. We noticed that 80.53% of patients had oral manifestations. The most common manifestation was dysgeusia with 60%, followed by hyposalivation with 58% and gingival enlargement being less prevalent with 12%. Also we found that dysgeusia and hyposalivation were more prevalent in women with 69% and 67% respectively. However, gingival overgrowth was more prevalent in men with 14%. Conclusion: A high percentage of hypertensive patients were found to have oral manifestations due to drug intake.